3D scanners applications – 3D scanning archaeology
3D technology has developed quite recently, but today it plays an extremely important role in many industries. Some companies invest in their own scanners and 3D printers, others, for now, decide to rent equipment or order scanning services from reliable suppliers. One of the disciplines in which 3D scanners have become indispensable is archeology. 3d scanning in archaeology applies primarily to the process of creation of archaeological documentation, but not only.
Archaeology as science, archaeology’s tasks
Many people wrongly think that archaeology is only about conducting excavations and researching human remains. Meanwhile, archaeological sources also include products of the human hand, i.e. artifacts, as well as traces of human influence on the natural environment, that is, ecofacts. Thus, archeology is also interested in remains of buildings, graves, ancient routes, fragments of clay vessels or tools made of stone and flint stones. Some of these items are difficult to study and measure using traditional methods, while their shape and structure is no obstacle for 3D scanners. Just why are these tests carried out, what is the purpose of 3D scanning in archaeology? Well, the purpose of archeology is to recreate the socio-cultural past of humankind. It is recreated in order to satisfy the curiosity of a modern human who wants to know the history of the formation of the human species – first of all for scientific purposes.
Archaeology and anthropology and ethnology
In addition to archeology, two related areas are mentioned, i.e. anthropology and ethnology. Anthropology deals with the study of human as an individual in society in the context of historical changeability. Unlike archaeology, anthropology focuses on socio-economic and cultural issues. Ethnology is sometimes a term used interchangeably and also referring to a person’s life in society and its culture. Ethnology also deals with the classification of peoples on the basis of environmental and cultural characteristics. It follows from the above that 3D scanning in archaeology also contributes to the progress of work carried out by anthropologists and ethnologists.
3D scanning archaeology –one of the methods of archaeological resources analysis
3D scanning in archaeology (you can check the offer here) is within the methods of analyzing sources and extracting information from them. Of course, the methods of searching for and acquiring archaeological sources take place earlier. Today, 3D scanners play a significant role in the process of creating archaeological documentation. For this purpose, computer techniques have been used for years, but it has only recently been possible to do so on such a large scale.